The towns of Kincaid and Page lie next to each other along Loop Creek and Route 61 in Fayette County, about halfway between Montgomery and Oak Hill.

    Shortly after the flood, John David, a longtime Page resident and community leader, told the Charleston Gazette that the creek and streams couldn't contain the rain. Quickly, the waters spread out across the housing in the low-lying areas, sweeping some into the creek and flooding others.



    John David, a professor at West Virginia University Institute of Technology, said the old-timers in his community cannot remember anything like Sunday's flooding. "There has been a tremendous amount of logging here," he said. "It is a factor."

    The timbering isn't very obvious on the hills alongside Route 61. But several small cuts can be seen from the roads off Johnson Fork, which feeds into Loop Creek from the south.

    About a mile up Johnson Fork, staging areas and logging roads can be seen from the main road. Six weeks after the flood, considerable erosion from the road into the stream was still evident.

    The Division of Forestry gives loggers several manuals on how to build roads and keep hillsides from eroding into streams. (See two sections) The road at this timber job appears to be an example of what not to do.

    Timbering in West Virginia is done according to best management practices. This means that logging companies tell DOF how they intend to fulfill best management. However, inspections are only done once a year, and penalties are only issued for blatant violations, such as if uncorrectable damage to the environment or uncorrectable water pollution may result.

    Best management requires at least a 100-foot-wide stream management zone along perennial and intermittent streams. The unnamed branch that flows along the logging road for the operation adjacent to Johnson Fork is perennial. Yet, both a large pile of waste timber and a logging road are right next to the stream. Erosion from the road into the stream occurred at several places.


    In one section of the road, a water bar was carved out for drainage. However, the ditch of the water bar is sloped downward, with the wash from the road routed directly into the stream.


    A month after the flood, the community of Page was already rebuilding. John David heads the Southern Appalachian Labor School. YouthBuild, one of its programs, had already been building new housing in Page, out of the 100-year-flood, so its volunteers were able to help people stabilize damaged homes and bring in new modular units.